Founded in Lisbon on 1 July 1906, Sporting were a founding member of the Primeira Liga and, along with rivals S.L. Benfica and FC Porto, have never been relegated from the top flight of Portuguese football since its establishment in 1934. Sporting are the third most successful Portuguese football club, with 46 titles in Portuguese competitions and one international title, the 1963–64 European Cup Winners’ Cup. Domestically, they have won 18 Primeira Liga titles, 16 Portuguese Cups (Taça de Portugal), four Championships of Portugal (a record tied with Porto) and eight Portuguese Super Cup titles.
Sporting is the sixth club in the world with more club members: 140,000. They are nicknamed Leões (Lions) and Verde e Brancos (Green and Whites). The club’s anthem, “A Marcha do Sporting” (Sporting’s March), was written in 1955.